O grupo de trabalho para a aviação geral da FAA lançou ontem a FRAT-Flight Risk Analysis Tool, uma ferramenta para gerenciamento do risco de perda de controle em voo. Trata-se, em essência, de uma planilha/check-list no formato Excel em que o piloto marca suas características próprias de treinamento e de fadiga, as condições de voo, as características dos aeroportos e respectivos auxílios, etc, e no final obtém uma pontuação. Cruzando o número obtido com a respectiva experiência em voos VFR ou IFR no tipo da aeronave em que se pretende voar, o usuário da ferramenta se enquadrar em três possibilidades: Low Risk (Green: Go fly!), Moderate Risk (Yellow: Try to mitigate some of the higher score items), ou High Risk (Red: No-Go). Apesar de estar em inglês, é de facílimo entendimento (exige um nível de compreensão básico da língua) e utilização, e aplica-se em poucos minutos. O único item que requer uma explicação é o “WINGS Phase Completion in last 6 months“: WINGS é outra ferramenta de gerenciamento de risco disponibilizada pela FAA, objeto deste post.
A seguir, reproduzo a mensagem recebida da FAA sobre esta ferramenta, com mais detalhes sobre a FRAT. A página da FAA com as versões para Windows e Mac da planilha e o pdf explicativo é esta aqui. Caso você tenha dificuldade para baixar a planilha em Windows, use este link: FRAT-Win.
E bons voos!
Fly Safe: Prevent Loss of Control Accidents
The FAA and general aviation (GA) groups’ #Fly Safe national safety campaign aims to educate the GA community on how to prevent Loss of Control (LOC) accidents this flying season.
What is Loss of Control (LOC)?
A Loss of Control (LOC) accident involves an unintended departure of an aircraft from controlled flight. LOC can happen because the aircraft enters a flight regime that is outside its normal flight envelope and may quickly develop into a stall or spin. It can introduce an element of surprise for the pilot. Contributing factors may include: poor judgment/aeronautical decision making, failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action, intentional regulatory non-compliance, low pilot time in aircraft make and model, lack of piloting ability, failure to maintain airspeed, failure to follow procedure, pilot inexperience and proficiency, or the use of over-the-counter drugs that impact pilot performance.
Current topic: Flight Risk Assessment Tools
What is a Flight Risk Assessment Tool?
A Flight Risk Analysis Tool (FRAT) is an easy to use, visual tool that helps pilots proactively identify hazards. It helps pilots make better go/no go decisions for every flight.
Did you know?
Every flight has some level of risk. Federal regulations require pilots to acquire information relevant to proposed flights and plan for how to deal with any identified hazards. Government and industry safety experts highly recommend that pilots use FRATs to reduce risk.
Using a FRAT to put everything on paper allows you to graphically depict risk limits free from the pressure of an impending flight or maintenance task. It also provides perspective on the entire risk picture and sets the stage for managing risk through proactive mitigation strategies that are documented.
There are many FRAT options available for mobile devices and apps for flight planning, weather briefing, and flight monitoring/tracking. More robust, complex apps can also help you think through a more complete range of hazards and risk factors.
What can GA pilots do to best manage an unexpected event?
Don’t let an unexpected event become an unexpected emergency! Training and preparation can help pilots manage the startle response and effectively cope with an unexpected event.
Tips for pilots
Take time to stop and think about hazards.
- know, in advance, the difference between a low-risk and a high-risk flight;
- establish a review process; and
- develop risk mitigation strategies.
How does a FRAT work?
You will create realistic, numerical thresholds that trigger additional levels of scrutiny prior to a go/no go decision for the flight. These thresholds should ensure that the safety standards for each operation are maintained.
The FRAT should have three possible score ranges:
- Green: Go fly!
- Yellow: Try to mitigate some of the higher score items.
- Red: No-Go.
Message from FAA Deputy Administrator Mike Whitaker:
The FAA and industry are working together to prevent Loss of Control accidents and save lives. You can help make a difference by joining our Fly Safe campaign! Each month on faa.gov we’re providing pilots with a Loss of Control solution developed by the team of experts. They have studied the data and developed solutions – some of which are already reducing risk. We hope you will join us in this effort, and spread the word. Follow #FlySafe on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. I know that we can reduce these accidents by working together as a community.
Did you know?
Approximately 450 people are killed each year in GA accidents.
Loss of Control is the number one cause of these accidents.
Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight. It can happen anywhere and at any time.
There is one fatal accident involving LOC every four days.